Why green cleantech are growing?
We believe that this is not a tribute to fashion, but a systemic issue.
The drivers for the development of green technologies are as follows:
1. Depleshion of fossil resources.
Hydrocarbon production rises in price every day. Approximately by the end of the 2000s, the cost of oil increased significantly due to the high cost of its extraction. The large demand for the resource caused an imbalance: more energy was spent on oil production than the energy output from the oil itself. Oil ceases to be an energy resource. For oil-dependent countries, this became an alarm bell, which led to decisions to reduce oil consumption.
2. Energy strategies of countries.
One of the first to be the USA, which had a negative balance of hydrocarbons and imported oil and gas earlier, began to actively increase the energy efficiency of buildings, developed the LEED system (raising efficiency to 50%). So, the balance of resources in the country became positive, turning it from a consumer into a producer, which led to a world redistribution of the energy market and a price crisis of oil, which became less in demand.
3. Climate Change.
In view of the active burning of energy resources, there is an active release of greenhouse gases that change the climate. Most modern politicians agreed with the fact of its change, first considering global warming (in fact, an increase in the average temperature regime on the whole planet is comparable to the general increase in the “average temperature in the hospital” – this does not mean that the heat will be distributed evenly, but, on the contrary, in different corners will be excessively hot or anomalously cold) as a way out of climatic equilibrium, leading to large-scale threats. Various green party lobbies for environmental policy with their political campaigns, industrialists are interested in changing the status quo of their industry. Climate change is becoming increasingly difficult to deny, especially when natural disasters become more and more, and the weather changes beyond recognition.
At the end of 2015, the Climate Conference was held in Paris, where each country pledged to make every effort to prevent this problem. In case of inaction, according to the announced forecasts, the temperature regime on the planet will increase by 4 degrees by 2100, and the consequences will be unpredictably catastrophic. The expected effect as a result of the adoption of appropriate measures by countries should reduce this mark to 1.5-2 degrees Celsius.
In other words:
1. Hydrocarbon is becoming more expensive. This threatens the national security of the countries, everyone is looking for a way to get rid of their oil dependency, developing a new energy efficiency policy.
2. The problem of greenhouse gas emissions, leading to natural disasters.
Climat is changing.
If early agricultural fields existed, and now there was a threat of their drought, then people simply have nothing to eat. There is an economic damage, new categories of refugees are formed – climatic.
There are new natural disasters, in the case of Russia, for example, the most dangerous drought, because of which forests and peatlands suffer. And, despite the fact that our country is the “second lungs” of the planet after the Amazon, forests remain a vulnerable element of the global biosphere.
Awareness of the problems leads to an increase in the value of green technologies.
In Europe, for example, the common practice is to abandon cars with an internal combustion engine by 2035, and in the US (New York State), by 2020, they plan to abandon the use of fuel oil in boiler houses, replacing it with alternative fuel.
Author: Ilya Zalaleev